Disclaimer

  1. These are excerpts taken from State Statutes and other sources. Information herein should not be assumed accurate, and if you find yourself needing accurate information about law, you are hereby advised to consult a lawyer. Information herein should be used for informational, and not legal, purposes only.
  2. Any Device listed below as “legal to carry” only applies if carried with legal intent (that is for self defense).  Most often states that allow citizens to carry weapons and devices for self defense have increased penalties for using them in commission of a crime.

 

Alabama’s Expanded Self Defense Law

In the state of Alabama, you can use deadly force in self-defense or defense of others if you reasonably believe someone is using or about to use unlawful deadly physical force while committing or about to commit any of the following crimes: burglary, kidnapping, assault in the first or second degree, burglary, robbery, forcible rape, or forcible sodomy. Self-defense is also allowed against a person who is unlawfully and forcefully entering, or already has entered, a dwelling, residence, or occupied vehicle, or federally licensed nuclear power facility, or is in the process of sabotaging or attempting to sabotage a federally licensed nuclear power facility, or is attempting to remove, or has forcefully removed, a person against his or her will from any dwelling, residence, or occupied vehicle when the person has a legal right to be there.

Duty to Retreat: No

Where the Law Applies: Anywhere you have the legal right to be

Alabama’s Allowance of Self Defense Devices

  • Pepper Spray – Yes
  • Stun Guns and Tasers – Yes
  • Batons – Yes
  • Nunchucks – Yes
  • Brass Nuckles – No
  • Sling Shots – No
  • Knives (All types) – Yes
  • Throwing Stars and Knives – Yes
  • Blowguns – Yes
  • Swords – Unknown
  • Cane Swords – Unknown

Alabama’s Concealed Carry Law

Alabama is a May Issue State and only issues permits to residents of Alabama. May Issue means that the sheriff may or may not issue you a permit even after meeting all requirements for an Alabama Pistol Permit.

Here is the exact text from the Alabama Firearms and Weapons Law:

§ 13A-11-75. License to carry pistol in vehicle or concealed on person –

Issuance; term; form; fee; revocation.
The sheriff of a county, upon the application of any person residing in that county, may issue a qualified or unlimited license to such person to carry a pistol in a vehicle or concealed on or about his person within this state for not more than one year from date of issue, if it appears that the applicant has good reason to fear injury to his person or property or has any other proper reason for carrying a pistol, and that he is a suitable person to be so licensed.

More information

How Hard Can You Hit

  • Section 13A-3-26
    Use of force in defense of property other than premises.
    A person is justified in using physical force, other than deadly physical force, upon another person when and to the extent that he reasonably believes it to be necessary to prevent or terminate the commission or attempted commission by the other person of theft or criminal mischief with respect to property other than premises as defined in section 13A-3-20.
  • Section 13A-3-25
    Use of force in defense of premises.
    (a) A person in lawful possession or control of premises, as defined in Section 13A-3-20, or a person who is licensed or privileged to be thereon, may use physical force upon another person when and to the extent that he reasonably believes it necessary to prevent or terminate what he reasonably believes to be the commission or attempted commission of a criminal trespass by the other person in or upon such premises.
    (b) A person may use deadly physical force under the circumstances set forth in subsection (a) of this section only:
    (1) In defense of a person, as provided in Section 13A-3-23; or
    (2) When he reasonably believes it necessary to prevent the commission of arson in the first or second degree by the trespasser.
  • Section 13A-3-24
    Use of force by persons with parental, custodial or special responsibilities.
    The use of force upon another person is justified under any of the following circumstances:
    (1) A parent, guardian or other person responsible for the care and supervision of a minor or an incompetent person, and a teacher or other person responsible for the care and supervision of a minor for a special purpose, may use reasonable and appropriate physical force upon the minor or incompetent person when and to the extent that he reasonably believes it necessary and appropriate to maintain discipline or to promote the welfare of the minor or incompetent person.
    (2) A warden or other authorized official of a jail, prison or correctional institution may, in order to maintain order and discipline, use whatever physical force is authorized by law.
    (3) A person responsible for the maintenance of order in a common or contract carrier of passengers, or a person acting under his direction, may use reasonable physical force when and to the extent that he reasonably believes it necessary to maintain order, but he may use deadly physical force only when he reasonably believes it necessary to prevent death or serious physical injury.
    (4) A person acting under a reasonable belief that another person is about to commit suicide or to inflict serious physical injury upon himself may use reasonable physical force upon that person to the extent that he reasonably believes it necessary to thwart the result.
    (5) A duly licensed physician, or a person acting under his direction, may use reasonable physical force for the purpose of administering a reasonable and recognized form of treatment which he reasonably believes to be adapted to promoting the physical or mental health of the patient if:
    a. The treatment is administered with the consent of the patient or, if the patient is a minor or an incompetent person, with the consent of his parent, guardian or other person responsible for his care and supervision; or
    b. The treatment is administered in an emergency when the physician reasonably believes that no one competent to consent can be consulted and that a reasonable person, wishing to safeguard the welfare of the patient, would consent.
    Section 13A-3-23
    Use of force in defense of a person.
    (a) A person is justified in using physical force upon another person in order to defend himself or a third person from what he reasonably believes to be the use or imminent use of unlawful physical force by that other person, and he may use a degree of force which he reasonably believes to be necessary for the purpose. A person may use deadly physical force if the actor reasonably believes that such other person is:
    (1) Using or about to use unlawful deadly physical force; or
    (2) Using or about to use physical force against an occupant of a dwelling while committing or attempting to commit a burglary of such dwelling; or
    (3) Committing or about to commit a kidnapping in any degree, assault in the first or second degree, burglary in any degree, robbery in any degree, forcible rape or forcible sodomy.
    (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), a person is not justified in using deadly physical force upon another person if it reasonably appears or he knows that he can avoid the necessity of using such force with complete safety:
    (1) By retreating, except that the actor is not required to retreat:
    a. If he is in his dwelling or at his place of work and was not the original aggressor; or
    b. If he is a peace officer or a private person lawfully assisting a peace officer at his direction.
    (2), (3) Repealed by Acts 1979, No. 79-599, p. 1060, §1.
    (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), a person is not justified in using physical force if:
    (1) With intent to cause physical injury or death to another person, he provoked the use of unlawful physical force by such other person; or
    (2) He was the initial aggressor, except that his use of physical force upon another person under the circumstances is justifiable if he withdraws from the encounter and effectively communicates to the other person his intent to do so, but the latter nevertheless continues or threatens the use of unlawful physical force; or
    (3) The physical force involved was the product of a combat by agreement not specifically authorized by law.

Weapons Laws

  • Section 13A-6-27
    Use of pepper spray, etc.
    (a) The crime of criminal use of a defense spray is committed if the perpetrator uses a defense spray including, but not limited to pepper spray, foam and any other self-defense chemical spray against another person in the commission of a crime or against a law enforcement officer while the law enforcement officer is performing his or her official duties.
    (b) Criminal use of a defense spray is a Class C felony.
  • Section 13A-11-54
    Carrying rifle or shotgun walking cane.
    Any person who carries a rifle or shotgun walking cane shall, on conviction, be fined not less than $500.00 nor more than $1,000.00, and be imprisoned in the penitentiary not less than two years.
  • Section 13A-11-53
    Brass knuckles and slingshots.
    Anyone who carries concealed about his person brass knuckles, slingshots or other weapon of like kind or description shall, on conviction, be fined not less than $50.00 nor more than $500.00, and may also be imprisoned in the county jail or sentenced to hard labor for the county for not more than six months.
  • Section 13A-11-50
    Carrying concealed weapons.
    Except as otherwise provided in this Code, a person who carries concealed about his person a bowie knife or knife or instrument of like kind or description or a pistol or firearm of any other kind or an air gun shall, on conviction, be fined not less than $50.00 nor more than $500.00, and may also be imprisoned in the county jail or sentenced to hard labor for the county for not more than six months.

These are excerpts taken from Alabama Statutes.  Information herein should not be assumed accurate, and if you find yourself needing accurate information about law, you are hereby advised to consult a lawyer. Information herein should be used for informational, and not legal, purposes only.
Alabama LegislatureCode of Alabama, Alabama Administrative Code – – State Gov. Operator 334-242-8000, Senate 334-242-7800, House 334-242-7600 – – Legislative Reference Service 334-242-7560, State Law Library 334-242-4347

 

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